Modern day Colloidal Silver is an
electrolyte of pure water, silver ions & microscopic particles(colloids).
Both the ions & particles are beneficial. It can only be described as a
mineral supplement. It is not an 'approved' pharmaceutical drug (approval has
never been sought) so it is illegal to make claims about its therapeutic
Colloidal silver, is an approved method for purifying water, some
people take it as a supplement. (see pdf file at the bottom).
Silver is now being used in Band-Aids, toothbrushes etc, mainly for its
Our Product - electrolysis method.
Colloidal silver made via the
electrolysis method is the term "isolated silver".
Isolated silver refers to silver particles and silver ions, surrounded by pure
water molecules: H2O.
Silver compounds eg silver citrate, silver
acetate, silver nitrate etc
A silver compound is silver directly
associated or chemically bonded with another element or another compound, can
be extremely toxic in the human body due to the extremely high concentration of
Generally speaking, 3 - 10 PPM high
quality colloidal silver product is a sufficient concentration for
effectiveness in the body. The bottom line is that higher concentration,
for use in the body, is NOT desirable.
Quality of Our
Product- the quality of colloidal silver
is that it passes three tests.
Test:-1 it has sufficient silver ions, this can be measured by a
conductivity meter & the reading needs to be between 10 & 20 micro
Siemens ie this equates to parts per million(ppm) or Milligram(mg)/Litre as you
can see by the first picture ours consistently measures over 15(over time
this will settle back to 10-12 ppm).
Test:-2 Pic.2, it
has a sufficient number of colloidal particles without colouring the water.
This is very hard to measure but the simple test is to shine a laser beam
through the liquid the normally invisible silver particles become visible as
tiny points of light suspended in the water, so this gives you a visual guide
to the type of silver colloids present. Small particles are preferable giving a
dense 'matt' beam as seen in the picture of our product, the presence of larger
particles is indicated by a sparkling effect(we estimates our colloid
content at 20ppm).
Test:-3 is that it remains clear, you will see some products that
say they have 40-50ppm, when we measured one of these products they had a
silver ion reading of less than 10, & when viewed with a laser beam there
was lots of sparkle & the water was slightly grey, meaning they have tried
to put as much silver in as possible, so they could claim the high PPM
& in the process the particles have started to join together in larger
sizes causing the slight discoloration & also in the process reducing the
So we claim (conservatively) that our Colloidal Silver is around 25ppm (85%
ionic + 15% colloidal). The ions are about 1/8th of a nanometre
diameter, and most of the particles are in the 40 - 140 nm range. It takes
billions of silver ions and tiny particles of this size to add up to 15
milligrams of silver per litre.
Some people claim that the best
colloidal silver is produced using high AC current machines, this is simply not
true over 90% of the positive results and testimonials that you find on the Web
was done using low current DC machines. In the past to produce large quantities
in a single go you needed the more expensive AC current devices (even then
there ionic content was very low) but that was a long time ago DC devices were
always used for small quantities, they are now used for large quantities as
Particles and Ions.
Silver ions are
silver atoms that have lost an electron. They are positively charged.
Silver particles or colloids on
the other hand are exactly what the name implies - microscopic particles
(colloids). They are so small they stay permanently suspended within the water
and do not settle to the bottom. It’s important to note that these
particles are not actually made 'by' the generator (AC or DC), they are created
in the water as the ions combine. Current control and Stirring i.e. keeping
the water moving slowly, is the key to keeping the particles small. These
particles do not raise the conductivity of the water so they cannot be measured
with a PPM or EC meter but you can observe them with a laser.
A note on particle and ion sizes.
A silver ion is a single silver atom that has lost an electron. All silver ions
are the same size no matter how they are made. You can't get a silver component
smaller than an ion. An ion is not a particle, but some producers will
deliberately confuse the two in order to claim they produce extremely small
particles or so-called 'micro-particles or nano-particles '. Ions and particles
are two completely different and beneficial forms of silver and as such need to
be considered independently.
Particle surface area
Regarding particle surface area there
are so many terms that seem to appear in the colloidal Silver debate. As they
actually say in that article 2nd paragraph this is really just another measure
of particle size i.e. the smaller the particle the more of them can fit
together in a given amount of liquid, hence larger surface area.
In his booklet "Silver
Colloids", Professor Ronald Gibbs wrote " The size of the particles
in the colloidal silver suspensions we use for health purposes is very
important. Particle size controls the surface area and therefore the
effectiveness of the colloidal silver suspension. "
Anyway here's some more information on
particle sizes regarding our product.
Nano particles are within the 1 to 100
nanometer size. In a typical batch, 90% of the particles produced will be less
than 100 nanometers. ('Microparticles' is just a made-up word used by some
generator sellers to hype up their product. Basically, all generators produce
micro-particles, but not all generators produce nano-particles.).
Don't confuse particles with ions!
The process that we use produces both
particles and silver ions. By design, approximately 85% of the silver in the
batch is ionic. A silver ion is a single silver atom
that has lost an electron.
All silver ions are the same size, just .129 nanometers across, no matter how
they are made. You can't get a silver component smaller than an ion.
An ion is not a particle, but some producers will deliberately confuse the two
in order to claim they produce extremely small particles. Ions and particles
are two completely different and beneficial forms of silver and as such need to
be considered independently.
So what happens is that the process
produces mainly silver ions which then slowly bump into each other and join
together forming colloids. You measure the ionic component using a meter
initially ours will measure about 25 ppm(silver ions) but slowly the ionic component will
decrease and the colloidal part will increase as the ions merge together to
form silver colloids
generally stabilising at around 12 to 13 ppm after
several months ie ions decrease colloids
increase. The test for the particle size of the colloids is very simply
measured by shining a laser through the liquid the more even the line i.e. no
big individual sparkling pieces, the smaller and denser the colloids, as shown in
What works best? Ions or particles?
If you search the internet you will
soon find very persuasive sites supporting both sides of the 'Ions Versus
Particles' debate. But the truth is that no-one really knows if it’s the
'oligodynamic' properties* of the ions or particles that are the doing the most
good in colloidal silver, although most current research seems to favour the
ions. It's also possible that ions and particles both achieve the same thing,
but in different areas of the body. There are also some theoretical chemical
sequences that suggest that ions convert to particles in the blood stream, or
alternatively, some particles release ions. What we can be sure of though, is
that what most people have been using and praising for the last 20 years is
colloidal silver that contains BOTH ions and particles - because that's the
sort of colloidal silver that has been most readily available. Good quality,
commercially bottled colloidal silver is about 85% ionic and 15% particles.
Statements by some bottlers that their 'new' CS is more effective because it is
(supposedly) 100% ionic, or 100% particles, have no such history of everyday
usage to support their claims. Quite simply, we don’t need to take sides in the
ions versus particles debate because the electrolysis method, done correctly,
gives you both.
*The Oligodynamic property is the
ability of small amounts of metals to exert a lethal effect on bacteria.
(Greek: Oligos/small. Dynamis/power.) The effectiveness of some metals as
germicidals is due to the high affinity of cellular proteins for metallic ions.
Bacteria cells die due to the cumulative effects of ions within or in contact
with the cell, even if the concentration of ions in the solution is miniscule.
Exactly why these ions are lethal to bacteria is not fully known but it may be
that they disable the bacteria's ability to deal with oxygen.
'Invive' brand colloidal silver is
heavily promoted on the internet in strengths from 50 to 10,000 ppm. The
manufacturer of Invive basically uses the argument that the more silver you
pour into your body the more effective it is for you, and that any website that
disputes this is 'outright lying'. What they don’t explain is that Invive
particles are relatively huge so, as a consequence, you need to take very high
ppm's of their product in order to obtain sufficient numbers of particles to
effectively kill bacteria. By comparison, the particles and ions in
electrolytic colloidal silver (our production method) are tiny, so you only
need a very small silver intake to provide the same number of individual silver
(15 milligrams per LITRE)
good quality electrolytic colloidal silver, clear LivingApartment CS
is about 85% ionic and 15% particles.
The ions are about 1/8th of a nanometer diameter, and most of the particles
are in the 40 - 140 nm range. It takes billions of silver ions and tiny
particles of this size to add up to 15 milligrams of silver per litre. Now
compare it to the comparatively huge size of the Invive particles. It’s
pretty obvious that, even though it contains more silver in total, the 50 ppm
in Invive has far fewer individual silver units available to circulate and
kill bacteria than the 15 ppm LivingApartment Colloidal
Silver. Even 10,000 ppm Invive would contain fewer silver units per litre.
MILD SILVER PROTEIN.
(50 milligrams per LITRE)
is 100% particles. It contains no ionic
silver. (The latest research suggests that silver ions may be even
more important as a germ killer than the silver particles). The Invive
particles are so large they need to be
bonded with protein so they won’t combine and sink. (Protein is a
gelatin-like substance). About 60% of the silver is in particles that are
over 7000 nanometers diameter. The largest of the particles may be too big to
be easily absorbed, and furthermore, the insulating effect of the protein
coating on all the particles may significantly reduce the efficacy of the
silver because it prevents the silver coming in direct contact with bacteria.
Some people also say that you cannot
store colloidal silver in plastic containers, firstly we agree glass is always
preferable to plastic, we ship our products in plastic containers for a number
of reasons, cost of transport being one of them. We have tested our product
after being in plastic for over six months, there was no drop in ionic or
colloidal content apart from the normal dropout of ionic which stabilises
around at about 10 - 12 ppm whether it is in glass or plastic. You will also
notice over time there is a slow sediment buildup on the bottom which is the
colloids settling out of solution, sometimes some companies put their product
in dark coloured bottles, may be so you won't see this, but it happens and is
inconsequential, if you like you can shake vigorously and the colloids of
silver will go back into suspension. There is a popular YouTube video
showing someone making colloidal silver using 3x9V batteries and taking 10
mins. the man is saying how much benefit he has received from taking this product,
this shows how powerful this is. To achieve higher concentrations and finer
particles our process is a lot slower, it takes approximately 5 hours for each
1 L to be produced.
Around the WEB you
will occasionally find an article that tries to put colloidal silver down,
this is generally the same article that has been minimally reworked, we have
attached it here, in its latest incarnation with a few of our
comments just to show you how ridiculous some of these old school closed
minded, medical establishment views can sometimes be. A Subscription Newsletter for the
MODERATE consumption of good quality,
clear, colloidal silver has no side effects. Argyria is a rare blue/grey
discoloration of the skin caused by massive OVER-CONSUMPTION of very poor
quality colloidal silver. Argyria is the only known side effect from consuming
too much silver. Other claimed side effects have no credible scientific or
medical support. Argyria is easily avoided.
happens because some people drink WAY too much of this. Or it's colloidal
silver made with ordinary tap water. Or it’s a Colloidal Compound eg citrate,
nitrate etc Colloidal silver for human consumption should NEVER be made with
Colloidal silver made with tap water
produces a mass of silver chloride particles as the silver ions combine with
impurities. A basic silver maker without 'current control' will turn a jar of
tap water into a grey soup in just a couple of minutes. And the high
conductivity of the tap water means the silver content of this brew could be
thousands of milligrams per litre (1000 ppm or more) that’s hundreds of times
higher than the CS you'd buy in a shop or from LivingApartment.
To avoid argyria the rules are simple.
Colloidal silver for human consumption MUST ALWAYS be made
with PURE distilled, demineralised, or reverse osmosis water. Tap
water, spring water, mineral water, soda water, etc is NO
just 30 minutes in sunlight, the cup now looks like this, It's almost as black
as ink because it's extremely light sensitive. All the argyria cases we have
been able to investigate have this in common; they all used impure water. In
some cases they even added salt or baking soda to the water to make it even
'stronger'. They didn't know any better. They simply got bad advice off the
internet and followed it.
Incredibly, it can take a long time to
get Argyria even when drinking stuff this bad. It’s harder to get argyria than
you may think. Some people have consumed 2 or 3 glasses of junk like this every
day for many months or even years before argyria started to show.
This is true of the recently famous
argyria case of 'Blue Man' Paul Karosan. He drank two glassfuls a day for 3
years of colloidal silver made with salt added to the water. He then changed to
CS made with baking soda for another 10 years. In all he's been drinking CS
like this for about 13 years. Furthermore, Paul Karosan has never used a
controlled current generator like we do at LivingApartment. He uses his own
homemade silver maker. He would have no idea of the strength of the colloidal
silver he is
is what colloidal silver should look like. This cup of CS was made with pure
water. It's been sitting in sunlight for 4 days but it's still nice and clear.
The method we use can't make bad
colloidal silver. It switches off automatically in inferior water. And its
'current controlled' to produce silver ions slowly so the CS only contains pure
water and silver at a safe strength of about 15 milligrams per litre. (15 ppm).
After this point is reached we clean the electrodes & do a further 2 hrs on
a timer. No-one has ever developed argyria from drinking nice clear colloidal
silver made with pure water.
Risk without benefit?
Many people will be amazed or shocked
when you say you take colloidal silver. This is not surprising. It’s relatively
new, its unknown, and it certainly sounds strange. Some people will immediately
search for "colloidal silver safety" in Google or Yahoo and come back
to you with one disparaging article or another.
Positive references about CS outnumber
the negatives by about a thousand to one, but they tend to be buried in sites
such as colloidal silver 'users groups' that usually don't appear in a Google search.
So unfortunately the 'Quackwatch'
article 'RISK WITHOUT BENEFIT' is the first result many people see when
they do a Google or Yahoo search on colloidal silver. It’s easy to scare people
and grab a 'hit' by throwing a few alarming words like RISK into a title. Sadly
its the sort of headline that will send many people into a state of panic.
Many people read the title but few
people critically read the whole article. It contains out-dated information, a
famous but discredited argyria case that is over 50 years old, factual errors,
and misleading statements. It deliberately confuses colloidal silver with
silver compounds, and is padded with numerous references that sound impressive
but have nothing to do with silver safety. Most of the article is about exaggerated
advertising claims made by early marketers of bottled colloidal silver - an
undesirable situation for sure, but hardly life-threatening or 'risky'. (Some
of this advertising is nearly 20 years old). It ignores silver's long history
of safe and effective medical use, and takes no notice of the numerous credible
laboratory tests that prove colloidal silver kills bacteria. The mountain of
positive testimonials from everyday users of colloidal silver is never
acknowledged and CS users around the world are simply dismissed as victims of a
The argyria references are attention
grabbing but they are vague and represent the most extreme examples of the
abuse of very poorly made silver products. A little research soon reveals that
these products are very different to the good quality, clear colloidal silver
that can now be purchased or made at home. In summary, if this distorted
mish-mash is the best argument Quackwatch can muster then there is little to
funded by 'donations' and advertising commissions. We might conclude then that
the main motivation for continuing to present such an unbalanced and deceptive
article is simply that it is virtually guaranteed to attract maximum 'hits' and
so maintain Quackwatch's prized
number 1 position on Google and Yahoo searches. So perhaps it's the web
surfers, seeking honest information, who are really the ones being scammed
...by Stephen Barrett. It's also worth noting that even on Quackwatch's own
extensive 'Cheers' page there are no letters of support for Stephen Barrett's
comments about colloidal silver.
Most other anti-CS stories, written by
people who have no personal experience using CS, just re-cycle the same
Other searches might reveal scary
titles such as 'A REPORT INTO SILVER TOXICITY IN DRINKING WATER' which upon
further reading (which hardly anyone does) will actually reveal that silver is
NOT a problem.
To put it in perspective try doing a
Google search on the dangers of: Coca Cola, Aspirin, Distilled water, Vitamin
B,C,D,E, Iron, Zinc, any approved drug, Bread, Milk, Sunscreen, etc, etc, etc.
It's probably harder to hurt yourself
with CS than with any other mineral or vitamin.
All silver toxicity tests suggest that
only maximum ignorance, carelessness, and persistence could achieve a negative
outcome, and even then these tests were carried out with repeated high doses of
silver compounds which, compared to CS, is like comparing sulphuric acid to
watered down orange juice.
The slightest bit of research on a site
like this or an independent site such as 'silvermedicine.org' or a discussion
group such as '4colloidalsilver' will soon reveal how to avoid problems and
make CS that is safe and effective.
Unfortunately the CS argyria fear is
unwittingly perpetuated by CS bottlers who recommend that you only drink a
'teaspoon' of their product.
The true test is simply this.
If colloidal silver really does cause argyria so easily, where are all the blue
people hiding? Hundreds of thousands of people take colloidal silver, but
argyria stories are very rare. Why aren't they regularly popping up on '60
Minutes' or 'A Current Affair'? Why aren't they featured in magazines and
newspapers? Why isn't the web full of 'first hand' stories from colloidal
The internet is the greatest tool ever
devised for individuals to easily air their personal grievances, yet a world
wide search reveals very few cases of persons complaining that colloidal silver
caused their argyria. And one of those cases (Rosemary Jacobs) has been exposed
as highly improbable because her symptoms developed over 50 years ago (before
electrolytic colloidal silver was even available) and she admits she never
drank colloidal silver in her life! She took silver nitrate nose drops, perhaps
daily, for at least 3 years.
Another person openly named as an
argyria victim, US Senate Candidate Stan Jones, never complained about
colloidal silver causing his mild case of argyria. His complaint was that the
media had exaggerated the story and 'doctored' the photos. He admitted he had
foolishly made his colloidal silver using a solution of tap water and salt. And
he had 'brewed' it until it looked like ink. In spite of the embarrassing
attention, he said he would re-commence taking colloidal silver, but now he
would make it the correct way.
UPDATE. The argyria case of Paul
Karosan recently received a lot of media attention. Mr Karosan has been
drinking colloidal silver for about 14 years. Details are sketchy but he has
admitted that for that entire period he has been making colloidal silver with
salt or baking soda added to the batch - with no way of determining the
concentration of the mix.